Civil: Call for pricing.
Civil cases typically involve disputes related to breach of contract, the collection of a debt, monetary compensation for personal injuries, or property damage.
Justice court hears lawsuits when the amount in dispute is under $10,000.
Justice Court also hears small claim cases. Small Claims Court handles lawsuits involving money disputes of $3,500 or less for people not represented by an attorney.
Superior Court handles civil lawsuits that are over $10,000.
Steps in Bringing a Civil Lawsuit:
- The plaintiff files a document (complaint) with the clerk of the court stating the reasons why the plaintiff is suing the defendant, and what action the plaintiff wants the court to take.
- The plaintiff must state whether the case is eligible for arbitration according to court rule.
- A copy of the complaint and a summons are delivered to (served on) the defendant.
- The defendant has a limited time (usually 20 days) to file a written answer admitting or denying the statements in the complaint.
- The plaintiff and the defendant exchange information about the case. This is called discovery.
- The case is tried before a jury or a judge.
- The judge makes a decision, or the jury gives its verdict, based on the testimony and other evidence presented during trial.
- The losing party may appeal the decision to the next higher level of the court.