Civil: Call for pricing.

Civil cases typically involve disputes related to breach of contract, the collection of a debt, monetary compensation for personal injuries, or property damage.

Justice court hears lawsuits when the amount in dispute is under $10,000.

Justice Court also hears small claim cases. Small Claims Court handles lawsuits involving money disputes of $3,500 or less for people not represented by an attorney.

Superior Court handles civil lawsuits that are over $10,000.

Steps in Bringing a Civil Lawsuit:

  1. The plaintiff files a document (complaint) with the clerk of the court stating the reasons why the plaintiff is suing the defendant, and what action the plaintiff wants the court to take.
  2. The plaintiff must state whether the case is eligible for arbitration according to court rule.
  3. A copy of the complaint and a summons are delivered to (served on) the defendant.
  4. The defendant has a limited time (usually 20 days) to file a written answer admitting or denying the statements in the complaint.
  5. The plaintiff and the defendant exchange information about the case. This is called discovery.
  6. The case is tried before a jury or a judge.
  7. The judge makes a decision, or the jury gives its verdict, based on the testimony and other evidence presented during trial.
  8. The losing party may appeal the decision to the next higher level of the court.